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agamemnon Odysseus a hero

Odysseus is a hero of all times thanks to Homer who wrote his story in The Odyssey. Odysseus is a hero in his on time because of all his adventures and characteristics.  Homer wrote about the Trojan War, in which Odysseus took part in, in the Iliad, and about Odysseus’ long journey home in, The Odyssey.  There have been theories that suggest that Homer was illiterate and could not have possibly recited poems of these lengths by memory, and that they were put together much later on and added to.  However, there is evidence that a city, possible Troy, existed and was destroyed.  Also there was a kingdom of Ithica which allows for a king Odysseus.  Even if the King did not go to the war there was still a chance that he might have existed.
     In the Odyssey, Homer used a narrative structure to tell his stories.  The original texts were wrote on papyrus scrolls and it is theorized that these scrolls each told a chapter in Homers plays.  The modern version of The Odyssey is a combination of all these scrolls that could have existed as separate stories about Odysseus’ travels, his encounters, and how he obtained his status as a hero.      
     Ancient Greece has always been an interest of mine.  In 6th grade a teacher that I had know for my whole schooling showed a movie every week.  One week we watched “Jason and the Argonaughts”.  Ever since then I could never get enough Greek mythology.  In freshman year of high school we read the annotated text book version of The Odyssey.  Lucky for me, I transferred English classes at the semester and I was able to read The Odyssey twice.  And since then Odysseus has been a hero to me.
     The story starts in book 9, Odysseus telling his story to the King of Phaeaica.  They sacked a city then sailed away when faced with opposing force. Next, they landed on the island of the lotus-eaters.  After Odysseus pried his crew away from the lotus-eaters, they landed on the island of the Cyclops.  Here is where Odysseus displays all his heroic qualities.
     Odysseus picked twelve of the best warriors from his crew to accompany him on the visit to the Cyclops, Polyphemus, and son of the god that shakes the Earth, Poseidon.  Polyphemus takes Odysseus captive and proceeds to eat his warriors for meals.  Odysseus dreams up an ingenious plan.  He reveals to the Cyclops that his name is Nobody.  Then, while the Cyclops slept, Odysseus sharpened a log, heated it to an ember, and blinded the Cyclops.  When Polyphemus cried to the other Cyclops that he had been blinded, he told them that Nobody had blinded him so the other Cyclops did not come to his help.  Then to complete his plan, Odysseus and his remaining crew hid in the under belly of Polyphemus’ sheep when they went out to pasture.  Odysseus had to actually hold on to the sheep’s under belly with his arms, unlike his crew who was tied to them.
     Odysseus uses his heroic qualities to over come all the conflicts that the fates and the Gods throw at him.  He uses his cunning when he returns to his household.  First he has to figure out a way to defeat all the suitors when there are only three of them.  After he defeats the suitors, he has to play mind games with his wife Penelope because of the warning Agamemnon gave him at the river of death.  
     Another heroic quality is his looks and charm.  If Odysseus had not have been as handsome then Circe would not have seduced him and he would not have been giving the advice about the river of the dead, the Sirens, Scylla and Charyboidis.  Also, at the end of his journey had he not been handsome, Calypso would not have taken him in, fed him and gave him shelter, and he would have died on her island.  And after all that, I do not believe that he would have been as welcomed at the Kingdom of Pheaecia by the princess Nausicaa.  
Having the protection of a god is also a certain quality of a hero. ... more

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destiny of gildemesh and the Iliad

  "Destiny in Gilgamesh and The Iliad"
           Stories do not need to inform us of things. From Gilgamesh for example, we
know that some of the people who lived in the land between the Tigris and Euphates
rivers in the second and third milleniums BCE. We know they celabrated a king
named  Gilgamesh; we know they believed in many gods; we know they were self-
-consious of their own cultivation of the natural world; and we know they were
literate. In the story, The Iliad we also know that great rulers and gods ruled and
where top priority of the lands. Point being it can be argued that the story of Gil-
-gamesh and the Iliad destiny's are quite the same in relivence of the wars and the
way's of life both of the story's complete to meaningful death. In hand which comtr-
                 In the story of Gilgamesh, it is important to look careful what happened
in the story; that is , look at it as if the actions and people it describes actually took
place or existed. The questions raised by a character's actions discuss the implic-
-ations of their consequences. But it's not to consider how the story is put together
rather how it uses the conventions of language, of events with beginings and endings
of description of character and storytelling itself to reawaken our sensitivity to the
real world. The real world is the world without conventions, the unnameable, unrep-
resentable world--in it's continuity of action, it's shadings and blurrings of character
its indecipherable patterns of being. The Iliad and Gilgamesh story's is greatly a
remminder of the way life is today; just different in time but neitherless to say
             Moreover, in the prologue of Gilgamesh it's found to know that he was two-
-thirds god and one-third man, and his knowledge is the key that follows. Gilgamesh
is a hero-- more beautiful, more courageous, more terrifying than the rest of us; his
desires, attributes, and accomplishments epitomize our own. Yet he is also mortal:
he must experiance the death of others and also die himself. How much more must
a god rage against death than we who are merely mortal! And if he can reconile
himself with death then surely we can. In fact, without death his life would be mean-
-ingless, and the adventures that make up the epic would disappear.
           The story begins with the coming of Enkidu. As a young man and a god
Gilgamesh has no compasion with the people of Uruk. He is their king but not their
shepherd; he kills their sons and rapes the daughters. Hearing the peolpe's lament,
the gods create Enkidu as a match for Gilgamesh, a second self:"[L]et them contend
together and leave Uruk in quiet"(31). The plan works in several ways. First Enkidu
prevents Gilgamesh from entering the house of  a bride and bridegroom; they fight
embrace as friends. Second, Enkudu and Gilgamesh undertake a journey into the
forest to confront the terrible Humbaba. There they encourage each other to face
                [All] living creatures born of the flesh shall sit at least in the boat of  the
                west/ and when it sinks/when the boat of Magilum sinks/ they are gone
                but we shall go forward and fix our eyes on this monster.(35)
     While everlasting life is not his destiny, Gilgamesh will leave behind him a name
that endures. "[I] will go to the country where the ceder is felled/ I will set up my
name in the place where names of famous men are written"(32) Thus Gilgamesh
turns his attention away from small personal desires to loftier personal desires
desires that benifit rather than Uruk. To remember from the progue that the walls
of the city, made from cedar taken from the forest, still stand in actuality or imagi-
-nation to proclaim Gilgamesh's fame, and the very first sentence of the epic attest
to the immortality of his name. But the immortality of a name is less the ability to
live forever than to die. Third and most important, Enkidu teaches Gilgamesh what
it means to be human; he teaches him the meaning of love and compassion, the
meaning of loss and of growing older, the meaning of mortality!!
            However similar in the Iliad the main theme of the story is also war, unlike
Gilgamesh there's two sides having war with each other aswell as themselves and
family. The ... more

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