Behavior Therapies Behavior Therapies The treatment of disorders (can be either mental or physical) by the use of either psychological needs or by the use of medicinal needs is called therapy. Therapy involves talking with a trained professional about things such as symptoms, problems, and understanding one's self. Therapists help patients in many ways: ? Help patients understand and cope with their illnesses. ? Empathize with their patients and help them understand why they behave the way they
Psychology: Case Study - Eric B. Case History of Eric B. Eric is a 6-year old African-american male who was raised in an impoverished inner city neighborhood in Chicago. Drugs and violence surrounded his daily life. With a single-mother who involved herself in a series of relationships with abusive boyfriends, Eric found himself beat with a belt, and may have been sexually assaulted. His mother was not home that often, and he was forced to sit outside on the stoop so that his grandmother, that a
ChildrenS Psychological Adjustment To Entry Into Kindergarten Michael Burkhardt Page 2 From an ecological perspective, early childhood development occurs within the multiple contexts of the home, the school, and the neighborhood, and aspects of these environments can contribute to the development of adjustment problems (Bronfenbrenner, 1979). A childs psychological adjustment to entry into school for the first time can have a significant impact on the level of success achieved later in life. C
Born First, Born Smarter Born First, Born Smarter? The experiment that I read was Born First, Born Smarter. It was a study done by R. B. Zajonc and G. B. Markus in 1975. They planned to see why recent research had determined that the first-born child in a family related to certain characteristics. It was round that first-born children tend to be more verbally articulate, less impulsive, more active, better performers in school, more likely to go to college, and tend to have a greater need to ach
Hungry Children Some of the most preventable diseases known to humans is hate and gender differences along with emotional distress which continues to breed hunger and infect humankind. There will be a time when we will have to have a respect for all humans and provide equal access to food and the resources by which to be able to obtain nourishment or hunger will continue to be a problem. Like history dictates, it usually will require a disaster before we consider a transformation, which is a con
Safest American The Safest American made sedan by far is the 1994 Oldsmobile Cutlass Supreme LS. It is so because of the driving smoothness it offers on bumpy terrain, its size is bigger than a sports car, which enables it to sustain more damage. This car is also the safest because it is easy to reach the controls, so while you are driving you will not have to worry about leaning over to reach a button. The main good thing about this automobile is the price of it. You can now buy such a safe ca
Naikan Therapy Counseling Psychology Dr. B. Rudolph December 15, 1999 Naikan Therapy Naikan Therapy Defined The man responsible for the development of Naikan Therapy is Mr. Ishin Yoshimoto. Mr. Yoshimoto developed Naikan therapy as a short term structural treatment that is useful in treating marital and familial conflicts, interpersonal relationship issues, depression and anxiety, self-esteem issues, behavioral disorders, and addictive behaviors (Ramaswami & Sheikh, 1989, p. 106). Nakian transla
Interpersonal Attraction Relationships with the individuals around us are key to ones social existence. Personal accounts by people who have been isolated from the outside world serve as a reminder of our dependence on others. What draws us into these relationships? Studies of interpersonal attraction have concluded that people are attracted mostly to those that they find physically attractive and who are geographically close. The first step to understanding why we are attracted to certain ind
Abnormal Psychology Problem: Excessive Use Of Marijuana And Alcohol Case Study Abnormal Psychology Problem Excessive use of marijuana and alcohol, especially within the last 2 years. Kurt began drinking and using marijuana at age 14 and by age 15 referred to the usage as heavy. Despite recently being caught for the theft of his parents TYME card and $400, which resulted in him being forced to join an AODA group, he still continues to use on a regular basis. He has also gone to work while intoxic
Bill Clinton The article I chose is called Reinventing yourself and it talks about research on memory. According to the author who you are is limited only by your imagination. What does it mean? Thats what I will try to explain on the following couple pages. As I understood this article, its talking about how our imagination influences the memory. It starts with the examples from peoples lives. Bill Clinton told American people that he never served for Vietnam, and the reasons he gave app
William James An admitted ?Moral Psychologist?, James's philosophies coincide with today's fields of Humanistic Psychology, Behavioral Psychology, and Transpersonal Psychology. He, like Jung, dared to look outside the ?normal? experiences of the mind and expand the concepts of consciousness. More particularly, William James attempted to describe the processes of the conscious rather than the definition of the conscious. He was the first to introduce our nation to psychology as a standard educati
Bill Clinton The article I chose is called Reinventing yourself and it talks about research on memory. According to the author who you are is limited only by your imagination. What does it mean? Thats what I will try to explain on the following couple pages. As I understood this article, its talking about how our imagination influences the memory. It starts with the examples from peoples lives. Bill Clinton told American people that he never served for Vietnam, and the reasons he gave app
Autism Autism (pp. 565-570) Autism is a pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) that is very complex and involves many different and separate physical and mental disorders. Researchers have long been puzzled by autism, or childhood autism as it is often referred to. This severely disabling disorder affects approximately 80,000 children in the United States and is usually diagnosed by therapists and psychologists before the onset of two and a half years of age. Doctors note many of the complex dis
Biased Judgement Our society interpret a person's outer appearance as a reflection of their inner- self. This is likely due to Heuristics. In the case of representativeness heuristic, a judgement regarding the person would be determined by the by the outward clues that the person reflected of themselves. One outward clue is the appearance of a person. If a person is neat in appearance and dressed in something like gothic-garb (black clothes and makeup). A person dressed in such a way could be ju
Barbara Kingsolver's The Bean Trees The Bean Trees: Lessons in Life Our paths never would have met if it weren't for a bent rocker arm. Such chance meetings are often the very events that turn a person's world upside down and set it on an entirely new course. Taylor Greer, plainclothes heroine of Barbara Kingsolver's first novel The Bean Trees (copyright 1988. 232 pages. Softcover, HarperPerennial. $11.00), leaves home to look for a better life, and has motherhood dropped in her lap at a roadsid
A Review Of Personal Relationships After Sexual Victimization A Review of Relationships After Sexual Victimization Abstract Flangan and Furman conducted two studies to examine the links between sexual victimization and perceptions of romantic, parental, and peer relationships. An attachment perspective is proposed for understanding the impact of sexual victimization on close relationships for both high school and college students. Many adolescent and young women experience some form of undesired
A Silent Childhood A Silent Childhood Childhood is such a precious, yet trenchant part of life. We all have memories of our days as children along with stories of lessons learned. Childhood is reflected by most as being a time of bliss and enlightenment. As I recall my childhood an avalanche of mixed feelings suffocates me. Would I be able to interpret these feelings if I had not learned language? More importantly, is it possible to teach language after the critical period has been extinguished?
Alcoholism Alcoholism is perhaps the most common form of drug abuse in North America today. In 1995, in the United States 67% of all the population over the age of 12 reported drinking alcohol with in the previous year. Even more astounding, is the fact that nearly 50% reported drinking some type of alcoholic beverage with in the past month. Scientists report that the reason alcohol is so popular to drinkers is because it is pleasant, relaxing, and is considered a social beverage. But what the d
Can Other Animals Learn Language Many researchers wonder if chimpanzees are really able to use language in a rudimentary way, or if it is just created by operant conditioning. Psychologists realized, as far back as 60 years ago, that chimps would never be able to learn spoken language. They do not have the specialized tongue, lips, teeth, facial muscles, and palate that humans do to make the vast array of speech sounds that humans do. Researchers have instead tried to teach chimps some visual fo
My Own Choice To Die English Comp II February 4, 1999 One quiet summer afternoon I lay gazing into the big, blue sky watching the clouds form into immense moving objects that catch my eye for a second. I saw everything from birds to alligators and occasionally a car or bus. While staring at the sky in a world of my own I heard a clamor coming from the front of the house. I turned over on my stomach peering through the tall pampas grass that landscapes our backyard. I lay gazing through the grass
Child Observation Report Robert Reitz Dev. Psych Dr. Trimble 4/13/00 Child Observation Report For this project, I observed my mothers preschool class for three hours, and three kids that she baby-sits on weekends for three hours. Most of the kids that are in the preschool class were three years old, but there was one five year old. The kids I helped baby-sit were two twin three year old girls, and one five year old. When I first arrived at the preschool, the kids seemed very shy towards me and
One Flew Over The Cookoo's Nest One Flew Over the Cuckoos Nest The first thing that struck me about this movie is that I didnt see much in the way of treatment or therapy. I saw the mentally ill being housed instead of being treated. I didnt feel that the nurses were interested in helping these people, but in controlling them. The therapy sessions werent about therapy at all, but an opportunity for Nurse Ratchett to manipulate and intimidate her patients into submission. No one was allowed t
Euthanasia EUTHANASIA Euthanasia Renaldo La Foucade Education of America University Euthanasia Euthanasia Euthanasia is a topic that provokes as much controversy as capital punishment, primarily because it is irreversible. The question of euthanasia being right or wrong is one that most would prefer left alone. However, recent publicity on changes to existing laws has ignited considerable discussion and has forced open the door to a much wider audience. The issues related to direct euthanasia ha
Ericsons Theory Erik H. Erikson, just like many others, had a theory of socialization process. In his theory during a humans life they will meet main challenges during eight points in their life. The first stage is during infancy, from birth until about the age of eighteen months. This is the time that infants must begin to trust people, and have the feeling of being safe. As you would assume family and people that spend a lot of time with them during this time, help the infant overcome this. T
Death By Choice: Who Should Decide? Death By Choice: Who Should Decide? McGuires' references to prior cases and documents is done logically and clinically. After careful reading, and re-reading, I failed to understand his position on the moral issue. How can he perceive that by terminating a human life, this is acceptable moral behavior? Moral implies conformity to established codes or accepted notions of right and wrong. In other words, the basic moral values of society. Since when did society
Owning A Television Set Versus Living Without One Owning a Television Set Versus Living Without One Is life without a television better? We are going to examine the benefits of owning a television versus living without one. First we will discuss life with a television and the benefits of owning a television then we will discuss the benefits of living without a television and life without a television. Life with a television in our society is considered normal. Television is no longer a luxury so
Violence Sociology Journal Article Analysis Violence in high schools is present in many places in the school. A survey was taken by five high schools. Both students and teachers were given maps to their schools and asked to identify where and when the most violent events and most dangerous places in the school were at. The participants, or the teachers and students were also asked to identify the ages and sexes of the people who committed the violent acts and of the people who they were committe
Peer Pressure Children grow up and move into teenage lifestyles, involvement with their peers, and how they look in other peoples eyes start to matter. Their hormones kick in, and they experience rapid changes in their minds, and bodies. They also develop a mind of their own, questioning the adult standards and need for their parental guidance. By trying new values and testing ideas with peers there is less of a chance of being criticized. Even though peer pressure can have positive effects, the
Dead Poets Society: Keating's Teaching Methods Dead Poets Society: Keating's Teaching Methods In the movie, Dead Poets Society, the basic idea of expression is being taught by Keating. Keating is a very unique instructor which uses many different methods of teaching to get the students involved, but he shows them ways to have fun with the class also. That in itself is very unique. Keating is trying to release the emotions these students have within themselves. He is teaching them to make their l
Iq Testing Edu psy 115 Individual differences There have been many studies of IQ measurement. Some believe in testing and then looking at biology or heritage of the child. These people also like to use statistics to try to put some sort of explanation on IQ levels. Then there are other groups that use cultural ecology. They study IQ by what effect the environment has on a child, and feel testing it is unfair to the child. The problem is that these two groups rarely come together to help each oth
Domestic Violence For my psychology paper I chose to do Service Learning. I volunteered 20 hours at the Benton County Womens Shelter. I enjoyed the time that I served there. They really made me feel needed and welcome. I decided, however, that I would not be capable of a career in this field. Just in the small amount of time that I volunteered there my heart wrenched for the girls there. I felt helpless to do more for them. And yes, I even felt sorry for them. That is not to say that I am not g
Acrophobia Treating Acrophobia 2 Treating Acrophobia GRADE-90 Wood (1999) describes a person suffering from a phobia experiences a persistent, irrational fear of some specific object, situation, or activity that poses no real danger (or whose danger is blown all out of proportion). Agoraphobia, social phobia, and specific phobia are three classes of phobia. Agoraphobics have an intense fear of being in a situation from which immediate escape is not possible or in which help would not be availabl
Graphologie - Writing Psychology Graphologie, also known as Writing Psychology, it is the study of handwriting. Very old and still in use today, it is supposed to reveal a person's attributes from their handwriting. But you can ask yourselves, how this is done? What does a graphologist look at when in analyzing your handwriting? There are five important aspects the analyzer will examine: first he will examine the dimensions of the letter; their height and width. Next he will analyze the form of
Sport Like A Mixed Form Of Communication Sport Like a Mixed Form of Communication Understanding of mass communication without attention to sport coverage is practically impossible. Through the mass media, millions and even billions of viewers, listeners and readers are brought into the experience of a great sports performance. The emotional power of sports performance enchanted by slow-motion video and musical sound track, can take you to breath away or bring tears to you eyes. There are a lot o
From Unilineal Cultural Evolution To Functionalism Several anthropological theories emerged during the early twentieth century. Arguably, the most important of these was Functionalism. Bronislaw Malinowski was a prominent anthropologist in Britain during that time and had great influence on the development of this theory. Malinowski suggested that individuals have certain physiological needs and that cultures develop to meet those needs. Malinowski saw those needs as being nutrition, reproductio
Jackson Pollock: Working Methods Jackson Pollack was a complex man who brought many things into the forefront of impressionism. Although he led a very short life of 44 years he was known as one of the pioneers of abstract impressionism. His abstract painting techniques and unhealthy psychological being made him very sought after, studied and critiqued. Within his complexity came out a brilliant artist that was widely considered the most influential painter of the 20th century. Pollack's first do
Art Upsets, Science Reassures Art upsets, science reassures (Braque) Analyse and evaluate this claim. The difference between; reality and fantasy, an accurate representation of what is, and a brilliant orchestration of the mind, can often become blurred with the paintbrush of an artist. Yet, as Braque would surely agree, there are certain areas knowledge that only serve to reify our reality, saving us from delving into the fantastic chasm of questions arising from art. This specific area is of
Jean Piaget Introduction Now known as one of the trailblazers of developmental psychology, Jean Piaget initially worked in a wide range of fields. Early in his career Piaget studied the human biological processes. These processes intrigued Piaget so much that he began to study the realm of human knowledge. From this study he was determined to uncover the secrets of cognitive growth in humans. Jean Piagets research on the growth of the human mind eventually lead to the formation of the cognitive
Book Report On Thomas Jefferson Book Review on Thomas Jefferson Thomas Jefferson by Norman Risjord is a biography of the third president of the United States that takes Thomas Jefferson from his youth through his later years in the early 19th century. The purpose of this book is to give a political and social overview of the Thomas Jefferson's life and career. It was written for both the student of American history and the casual reader interested in the genesis of the United States government,
Communist Manifesto Chapter 1 Summary: Bourgeois and ProletariansThe Communist Manifesto begins with Marx's famous generalization that the history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles (79). Marx describes these classes in terms of binary oppositions, with one party as oppressor, the other as oppressed. While human societies have traditionally been organized according to complex, multi-member class hierarchies, the demise of feudalism affected by the French Revolutio
White Noise Thanks to everyone who voted for WHITE NOISE as October's Book-of-the- Month. WHITE NOISE is probably Don DeLillo's most popular novel, largely because most readers see it as DeLillo's warmest and most human book. In this story, the ideas that seem to captivate DeLillo are fleshed out in real life in a way that none of his other books quite achieves. Of course, there are a few stubborn souls (like me) who still feel THE NAMES, or one of his other books is better. But I think everyone
What Is Leadership? What is leadership? Leadership is having the ability to give guidance to those that will follow. Those that follow will help to complete the mission. Leadership is an immature science and the body of knowledge in the field has developed through a series of fits and starts. Leadership is a soft science, just as anthropology, sociology and psychology. It can not be proven exactly what it is. Leadership is an art, the skillful application of leadership behaviors beyond technique
Internet Addiction A Growing Epidemic in America: Internet Addiction The Internet has become one of the most universal methods for communication with over 100 million users worldwide. From e-mail to the possibly billions of web pages, there is an infinite amount of information flowing. And another enticing aspect of the Internet, is the opportunity to interact with other people. Chat Rooms and MUD (Multi-User Dimensional) games offer the person the ability to talk and mingle with others online.
Autism ?We start with an image?a tiny, golden child on hands and knees, circling round and round a spot on the floor in mysterious, self-absorbed delight. She does not look up, though she is smiling and laughing; she does not call our attention to the mysterious object of her pleasure. She does not see us at all. She and the spot are all there is, and though she is eighteen months old, an age for touching, tasting, pointing, pushing, exploring, she is doing none of these. She does not walk, or c
Cask Of Amontillado The Cask of Amontillado The author of The Cask of Amontillado, Edgar Allan Poe, lets us know in the opening sentence that the character telling the story, Montresor, vows revenge. Montresors target of revenge is Fortunato, but Montresor never specifically says what Fortunato did to him or his family. However, Montresors fear of Fortunato avenging any threat of revenge leads us to believe his plan is well thought out and executed in a very matter of fact way. Seeking thi
Frankenstein Alison L. Nero Gerald Peters Contemporary Theory: Lacan & Freud Final Paper December 21, 1999 A Freudian Interpretation -Victor Frankenstein - In Mary Shelley's Frankenstein, the main character, Victor, has a short, but important dream right after he brings his creature to life. I have chosen to interpret this dream for several reasons. Firstly, there is no need to doubt that Victor's retelling of the dream is anything but the truth. Also, there would be no reason for Victor to be c
Growing Up: All Locked Up Growing Up: All Locked Up A person's ability to develop is due to two factors, maturation and learning. Although maturation, or the biological development of genes, is important, it is the learning - the process through which we develop through our experiences, which make us who we are (Shaffer, 8). In pre-modern times, a child was not treated like they are today. The child was dressed like and worked along side adults, in hope that they would become them, yet more mode
It's The End Of The World...And I Feel Fine Elspeth Wilson Politics & Film Final Paper December 15, 2000 Its the End of the World&and I Feel Fine! (The role of intellectuals in the creation and justification of nuclear weapons.) In Fail Safe and Dr. Strangelove, Or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb, Sidney Lumet and Stanley Kubrick question the relationship between technology and humanity by emphasizing mankinds tendency to create machines that cannot be adequately controlled.
Psychological Theories And Therapeutic Interventions In The Narcissistic Disorder Psychological Theories and Therapeutic Interventions in the Narcissistic Disorder The narcissistic personality disorder is a complex and often misunderstood disorder. The prominent feature of the narcissistic personality is the grandiose sense of self-importance, but actually underneath this grandiosity the narcissist suffers from a chronically fragile low self-esteem. The grandiosity of the narcissist, however,
Why Homosexual Mariages Should Be Banned A battle has been in progress for years over whether equal rights and equal protection against discrimination should be extended to homosexuals. Recently this has expanded into the area of marriage. The topic of homosexual marriages is a prevalent issue today. Even in the nation's capital, representatives are finding ways to make this alliance unlawful. This topic has been debated bringing up many valid points, but the fact of the matter is that homosexua