American Involvement In The Cuban Revolution Essay

This essay has a total of 986 words and 5 pages.

American Involvement in the Cuban Revolution


The revolution in Cuba was not a result of economic deprivation, nor because
of high expectations in the economy, it was the political factors and
expectations which evoked the civilians to revolt. The Cuban economy was
moving forward at the time before the rebellion but the dominant influence
of the sugar industry made the economy "assymetrical" and encouraged no
"dynamic industrial sector". Because of the dependance on sugar, the
unemployment rate ranged between 16 and 20% rising and falling with sugar
prices, ebbing and flowing as the season changed. The rural wage levels
were incredibly unsteady and unpredictable; the standard of living was low.
Dependance on the sugar industry did not retard the economy of Cuba, just
the wages of its workers. It was the leaders of the nation who reaped
profit from this dependance, and it was the leaders of the nation who
insisted on keeping the nation the way it was. By the mid 1950's, however,
the middle class had expanded to 33% of the population. Democracy, as we
know it, broke down: the large middle class did not assert democratic
leadership, there was no social militancy in the working class ranks, and
the people found order preferable to disarray. Batista could no longer
legitimize his regime . Failure in the elections of 1954 showed the
discontent of the people, and failure in communications with the United
States illustrated its discontent. Finally, opposing forces confronted
Batista's power: there were street protests, confrontations with the
police, assault, sabotage, and urban violence. This began the revolution
in Cuba.

America, with its stubborn ideas and misjudgements of character, forced
Castro to turn to the Soviets for alliance and aid. When Castro visited
the United States in April, 1959, there were different respected
individuals holding different views of him and his future actions. Nixon
believed Castro to be naive, some others thought him a welcome change from
Batista, still others called him an "immature but effective leader, without
a well formed view of how to lead a revolutionary movement and not overly
concerned with abstract of philosophical matters" (p. 55). Why, then, did
the United States impress nit-picky ideals like "there should not be
communists in the Army or in labor", or "Cuba's approach to the Batista
trials is totally unacceptable, too casual, too nonchalant" on this
"forming" leader? Castro was like an inexperienced murderer with a gun in
his hand: any rustle in the background could set off his nervous trigger
finger causing death, destruction, and liaisons with the U.S.S.R. When
America expressed dislike of the trial procedures Castro was holding, of
course he (Castro) would try to prove he was able to run his country by
himself and snub the U.S. ambassador. The United States had so much
invested in Cuba that it was stupid to think that Cuba could not retaliate
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