Platos Ideal City

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Plato's Ideal City

Plato's Ideal City
Socrates' ideal city is described through Plato in his work The Republic, some questions
pondered through the text could be; How is this an ideal city, and is justice in the city
relative to that of the human soul? I believe Socrates found the true meaning of justice
in the larger atmosphere of the city and applied that concept to the human soul.

Socrates describes his idea of an ideal city as one that has all the necessary parts to
function and to show that justice is truly the harmony between the three sections of the
city and soul in the human body. Plato introduces the idea of the happiness between groups
in Book IV. Plato says, in founding the city we are not looking to the exceptional
happiness of any one group among us but, as far as possible, that of the city as a
whole.(Plato 420b). I agree that in order to examine one thing that is difficult to
comprehend, it is wise to look on a larger scale. In this case, Socrates had to examine
the difference of a whole city and other concepts of cities in order to determine justice
in the world and inner soul. In order to develop the perfect city Socrates had to develop
the other ideas that contribute to the ideal city, the City of Need, and the City of
Luxury in order to develop the Perfect City.

I believe Socrates in-depth discovery process for the perfect city is a great
philosophical look into the idea of justice. Socrates brought up a subject many men at
that time would never have thought about and Plato believed that the idea of justice was
worthy of writing a literary work to pass his political philosophy on to future
generations. Since the crucial elements of justice may be easier to observe on the larger
scale like a city than on one individual. The focus for Socrates is a perfect city,
because the city will represent human soul, Socrates says; we'll go on to consider it in
the individuals, considering the likeness of the bigger in the idea of the littler?(Plato
369a). Plato's ideal city is really the search for the truth of justice, if Socrates is
able to find the relationship between the soul and city in his ideal city then he would
have the true meaning of justice. We saw from the reading how he came about braking down
the city's parts and also that of the soul in order to see the reaction between three
different regions which Plato and Socrates describe in The Republic.

According to Plato, Socrates broke down the perfect city into three parts; each part is
tied to a specific virtue that he believes will help define justice. The three virtues are
wisdom, courage, and moderation. Wisdom is the whole knowledge, which describes the rulers
of the city. The rulers should be the ones who incorporate philosophy and ruling together
to rule the city wisely. Courage describes the guardians, who's job was to defend the city
from invasion and take new lands for the city. The third virtue of the ideal city was
moderation which is the concept of self-control and knowing ones role, also the concept of
one man, one job. The ideal city described in the work is ideal to me because it relates
all essential parts to bring harmony among the different kind of people and the virtues
that go hand in hand with to bring about justice.

Therefore, the question arises, if I would want to live in the ideal city Plato has
described in the work. My answer would be yes because it seems that everyone has a
specific role to follow depending upon their abilities, both physically and mentally. When
I look back to the early cities Plato discussed I agree with the city of need, but that is
only part of the whole scheme of things. We need to add the luxurious things and leaders
and the people to protect the city. No one of those first two cities could be great by its
self, sure each one had their strong points but together they are harmonious to develop
the perfect city. The perfect city needs both cities' traits, beginning with the basic
philosophy if each person doing a specific job and doing to help the city. In the city of
need, Socrates described that each tradesman had a particular job and now in the ideal
city we can see that that trait is one part of the structure for the ideal city. Another
trait that we see in the perfect city that we also saw in the city of luxury was the idea
of wanting more than you have. That idea brought about the need for guardians. Guardians
were the spirit of the city and their job was to fulfill the needs of the city by taking
new land and defending against invasion attempts. Then to tie the entire city together,
the rulers were needed so that there was order and knowledge. When Socrates begins with
his perfect city he says he needs rulers who are the best of the guardian class, their job
is to make the citizens happy and serve the general well being of the state.

Socrates has truly developed a perfect utopian society in his eyes, but in many other
peoples and mine. I believe he has just created the basis of a society that will grow and
become unhappy, non-harmonious and lead to the fall of the city. I believe the citizens of
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