Free essays on U.S. history and other history

  • From Communism to Democracy Gradualism is naturally the most feasible approach to any situation. Since the fall of the iron curtain, these two Communist power houses have chose to move towards democracy. China has chosen to take the natural, more gradual approach to democracy where as Russia has chosen the fast-paced, more dangerous approach. These two nations have chosen to change their economies from a collectivized command one to a market oriented one in order to increase the ezdard of living

    912 words (4 pages) in essay

  • China between the fall of the KMT and Mao Tse-Tung\'s death The time from 1949-1976 was a time of transition for China. Many social and economic changes occurred through this period. When the Kuomintang government collapsed and Mao Tse-Tung assumed control, this marked the beginning of massive reformation for what would become the People\'s Republic. With Mao Tse-Tung\'s rule came governmental reform which led to social betterment. His first years of rule included careful development and reorgan

    346 words (2 pages) in essay

  • "A date that will live in infamy," (Snyder 33) was what President Franklin Delano Roosevelt called December 7, 1941. It was a calm Sunday morning at Pearl Harbor on the island of Oahu. Then two U.S. soldiers saw an oscilloscope signal on their mobile radars. They immediately called this in to their commanding officer but he told them to ignore it because the base was expecting a squadron of friendly B-17\'s to be coming from the mainland. Thirty minutes later the first bomb fell and almost kille

    1181 words (7 pages) in essay

  • British Imperialism in Africa British Imperialism in Africa The motives of Britain\'s imperialist activities in Africa from 1869 to 1912 were strategic and defensive. While other motives did exist, such as to colonize, to search for new markets and materials, to attain revenge and world prestige, to convert natives to Christianity, and to spread the English style of orderly government, the main motives evident in many events of the period showed attempts to safeguard the country and protect form

    756 words (5 pages) in essay

  • In 1954, many barriers were broken that made this a year of success. One of the major achievements is the cure for Polio being discovered which saved many lives and made the disease extinct. Other successes include the revolution of music and the birth of Rock & Roll. Other achievements this year were the invention of the first 2-seated sports car, the corvette, and the beginning of the Sports Illustrated magazine. During this year, RCA also produced the first color television where families cou

    492 words (2 pages) in essay

  • Julius Caesar Julius Caesar was said to be the greatest man in the Roman world. Some historians, and among them those of international authority, have made greater claims for him. He was the greatest of the Roman would but of antiquity. Looking through the onlg list of rulers, kings and emperors and the rest, they have failed to find an wuqual of this man who refused the style of king but those name Ceasar has become the commanding majesty and power. Great as a general, great as a politican. Bo

    1979 words (9 pages) in essay

  • The Vietnam War The Vietnam War The Vietnam War was the most controversial war in American history. Costing more than 47,000 U.S. lives and $140,000,000, the war had momentous impact on the country, politically, economically, and socially. More significantly, the United States failed to achieve its stated war aims, for the first time in history. The goal was to preserve an independent, noncommunist government in South Vietnam, but by the war\'s end in 1975, all of Vietnam was under the communist

    575 words (4 pages) in essay

  • Hindenburg outline Thesis: The Hindenburg has contributed to the history of aircraft as well as investigations. I. (opening paragraph) A. attention getter and relate it to Hindenburg B. thesis statement II. Airship development A. Count von Zeppelin\'s first rigid airships B. Graf Zeppelin III. Paul von Hindenburg: The man that the famous airship was named after. A. childhood summary B. time in German army C. General Hindenburg D. President Hindenburg E. later years IV. The Hindenburg A. specific

    1625 words (8 pages) in essay

  • The JFK Conspiracy The JFK Conspiracy Is the government really truthful to us ? the people? Government is a really big "organization" with a huge amount of members, and it\'s obvious somebody is not telling the truth. Most of these dishonest events take place in an attempt to cover up any information that the government thinks is not for public eyes, but which we are supposed to know as citizens of this country. This is called a government conspiracy or cover up. Many people believe in conspirac

    702 words (5 pages) in essay

  • Aristotle Although Aristotle was best know for his work in philosophy and the natural sciences, he was also a poet. Poetry, to the Greeks, included drama. Aristotle used the same methodology in poetry as he used in science. Aristotle made many contributions to the world, and much of his work still exists today. In 384/3 B.C., Aristotle was born in the small of Stagira. Stagira is located on the eastern coast of the peninsula of Chalcidice in Thrace. Aristotle\'s father Nicomachus was a court phy

    287 words (2 pages) in essay

  • Atomic Bomb Atomic Bomb On August 2, 1939 Albert Einstein wrote to President Franklin D. Roosevelt. This was right before the start of World War 2. In this letter Einstein and several other scientists told Roosevelt of the efforts Hitler was making to purify U-235 in which he hoped to make an atomic bomb. This is when the United States started the Manhattan Project. This was the project of making an atomic bomb. In the project many brilliant minds were used. The most famous of these people is Ro

    815 words (5 pages) in essay

  • Cornelius Vanderbilt Vanderbilt was born to a poor family and quit school at the age of 11 to work for his Father who was a boater. When he turned 16 he persuaded his mother to give him a $100 dollar loan for a boat to start his business. He opened a transport and freight service Between New York and Staten Island for eighteen cents a trip. He repaid the loan with an $1,000 dollars. Vanderbilt later received a government contract to supply the forts around New York. Large profits allowed him to

    402 words (2 pages) in essay

  • Seven Wonders Of The Ancient World How many individuals can name the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World? These ancien, man made monuments were compiled into a list considerable in their enormous size or some other unusual quality (Donovan 325). We should not let these legacies be left behind in the past, because each of these Seven Wonders has a story hidden within their ruins, or in one case, within its remains. Picture these architectural structures as I uncover the legends of The Statue of Ze

    2663 words (9 pages) in essay

  • Confederate States Of America Confederate States of America, the name adopted by the federation of 11 slave holding Southern states of the United States that seceded from the Union and were arrayed against the national government during the American Civil War. Immediately after confirmation of the election of Abraham Lincoln as president, the legislature of South Carolina convened. In a unanimous vote on December 20, 1860, the state seceded from the Union. During the next two months ordinances o

    1448 words (6 pages) in essay

  • Columbus In 1492 Columbus sailed the ocean blue. And, when he reached his destination he killed, raped and enslaved innocent natives. Was Columbus a villain? The answer to that question, in my opinion, would be yes. Christopher Columbus was a cruel, self-centered, delusional man who does not deserve to be praised for the discovery of America. First, Columbus was a cruel man who enslaved, raped, and murdered the natives of the countries he sailed to. According to an article by John Margolis entit

    354 words (2 pages) in essay

  • When most people mention Ancient Egypt the first thing that comes to mind is the Pyramids. To construct such monuments required a mastery of art, architecture and social organization that few cultures would ever rival. The pyramids are said to have built Egypt by being the force that knit together the kingdom\'s economy. Their creations were so substantial, that the sight of these vast pyramids would take your breath away. Today, the valley of the Nile has an open air museum so people can witnes

    1215 words (7 pages) in essay

  • Roman Religion Roman Religion in A Romans Everyday Life vs. Religion\'s Effects on Today We Romans, said Cicero, owe our supremacy overall other peoples to our piety and religious observances and to our wisdom in believing that the spirit of the gods rules and directs everything. Roman rites and observances took two main forms. One was the domestic reverence of the spirit or genius of the family. The other was the public attitude to the gods and goddesses by whom the destiny and welfare of the R

    1513 words (6 pages) in essay

  • Imigration and discrimination in the 20`s Beginning in the early nineteenth century there were massive waves of immigration. These "new" immigants were largely from Italy, Russia, and Ireland. There was a mixed reaction to these incomming foreigners. While they provided industries with a cheap source of labor, Americans were both afraid of, and hostile towards these new groups. They differed from the "typical American" in language, customs, and religion. Many individuals and industries alike pla

    539 words (4 pages) in essay

  • Antigone As the play begins Antigone is just meeting up with her sister and is telling her about the decree of King Creon. Antigone and her sister, Ismene, had two brothers who had killed each other on the battlefield. One of their brothers, Eteocles, was buried with the military honors of a soldier’s funeral, and yet the other, Polyneices, was to be left out to be food for the carrion birds since he died fighting against the city of Thebes. King Creon forbade publicly for anyone to bury t

    1188 words (4 pages) in essay

  • The Powers Above The Powers Above Lana Fourdyce Classic Civilization 115: Section G The Powers Above The relationship between gods and mortals in mythology has long been a complicated topic. The gods can be generous and supportive, and also devastating and destructive to any group of humans. Mortals must respect the powers above them that cannot be controlled. The gods rule over destiny, nature, and justice, and need to be recognized and worshipped for the powerful beings as they are. Regardless

    1411 words (6 pages) in essay

  • Rwanda Genocide The Rwanda Genocide In 1994 Rwanda was known for one of the worst genocides since the Holocaust. The very name is sketched into our histories consciousness as a place of evil and unimaginable pain. Between April and July 1994, more than 800,000 Tutsi civilians were brutally slaughtered in a genocidal campaign organized by Hutu hardliners. The world turned a blind eye to this small African nation\'s suffering, despite the media reports and the legal international laws specifically

    497 words (3 pages) in essay

  • English Views Of The Native Americans English Views of the Native Americans After reading chapter three of Unger\'s American Issues, I now have a better understanding of how English settlers looked upon the lifestyles of the Native Americans. Four key people that have led to this understanding are Hugh Jones, Hugh Henry Brackenridge, William Penn, and John Heckewelder. In their essay\'s they give accurate accounts of how the Native Americans lived, through their eyes. I also see how European bel

    1336 words (5 pages) in essay

  • Napoleon The Campaign of 1812 should have been a another crusade for Napoleon, but he now faced 2 new policies that he had never faced before, the severe Russian winter and the notorious scorched-earth policy. On June 23, 1812 Napoleon\'s Grande Armee, over 500,000 men strong, poured over the Russian border. An equal amount of Russian forces awaited them. The result of the campaign was a surprise. Two authors, General carl von Clausewitz and Brett James, show similarities in reasons why Napoleon

    1135 words (5 pages) in essay

  • The Manhattan Project The Manhattan Project The Manhattan Project was and is still one of the most secretive projects ever created in United States history. The purpose of the Manhattan Project was simple: to build; test; and unleash its power if necessary. Robert Oppenheimer and General Leslie Groves were the two men put in charge of this mission. These two men along with the top scientists from around the country were brought together to construct the most deadliest thing known to man. The pro

    1139 words (7 pages) in essay

  • Epic Of Gilgamesh Lindsey Johnson Professor Cutter World civilization October 9, 2000 The Epic of Gilgamesh1 . Mesopotamia, current day Iraq, derived its name from words meaning, “the land between the rivers,” which refers to the Tigris and Euphrates. This land was inhabited during the fourth millennium B.C.E. and throughout time transcended into political and military organizations. The significance of these cultures revolved around important warrior figures and their impact on soci

    1313 words (6 pages) in essay

  • Napoleon This essay will illustrate why Napoleon Bonaparte is regarded as one of the greatest military masterminds in the history of mankind. It will show the life of Napoleon from when he was a young boy, till he died in 1821. It will show how he deceived the French into giving him power, and how he used this power for his own interests. It will also reveal how he almost killed of an entire generation of French people, and once again prove that all good things must come to an end. Napoleon Bon

    2950 words (14 pages) in essay

  • Transportation in the 19th Century During the first half of the 19th century, improvements in transportation developed rather quickly. Roads, steamboats, canals, and railroads all had a positive effect on the American economy. They also provided for a more diverse United States by allowing more products to be sold in new areas of the country and by opening new markets. Copied from ideas begun in England and France, American roads were being built everywhere. In an attempt to make money, private

    582 words (2 pages) in essay

  • American Revolution Equality is something Americans strive to provide and maintain... we always have. It has become a necessary part of our culture... even now to the point that when people think of America, they naturally think of freedom and equality. The foundations of this country have relied upon it, just as it was the created by the events in the laying of those foundations. J.R. Pole states in his book, The Pursuit of Equality in American History, that the American Revolution plays an ex

    588 words (3 pages) in essay

  • Imigration and Discrimination in the 1920\'s American History Imigration and Discrimination in the 1920\'s Beginning in the early nineteenth century there were massive waves of immigration. These "new" immigants were largely from Italy, Russia, and Ireland. There was a mixed reaction to these incomming foreigners. While they provided industries with a cheap source of labor, Americans were both afraid of, and hostile towards these new groups. They differed from the "typical American" in language,

    510 words (3 pages) in essay

  • America\'s Road To Independence America’s Road to Independence: In the year 1783 the Treaty of Paris was signed, granting America their freedom from Great Britain. There were many reasons why the colonists wanted their freedom and separation from their mother country of England. Great Britain laid down many laws and Acts which were the main reasons leading up to the revolutionary war, otherwise known as America’s War for Independence. For eleven years even before the actual revolutio

    894 words (4 pages) in essay

  • Washington Irving Washington Irving was the first native American to succeed as a professional writer. He remains important as a pioneer in American humor and the development of the short story. Irving was greatly admired and imitated in the 19th century. Toward the end of his career, his reputation declined due to the sentimentality and excessive gentility of much of his work ("Irving" 479). Washington Irving\'s time spent in the Hudson Valley and abroad contributed to his writing of The Devil

    945 words (4 pages) in essay

  • Nuremberg Trials After World War II, numerous war-crimes trials tried and convicted many Axis leaders. Judges from Great Britain, France, the Soviet Union, and the United States tried twenty-two Nazi leaders for: crimes against humanity (mostly about the Holocaust), violating long-established rules of war, and waging aggressive war. This was known as the "Nuremberg Trials." Late in 1946, the German defendants were indicted and arraigned before a war crimes tribunal at Nuremberg. Twenty of the d

    782 words (4 pages) in essay

  • Education In England England has one of the finest educational system in the world. All English children between ages 5-16 must attend school. About 90 percent of the students go to schools supported entirely or partly by public funds. The rest of the students attend private schools. The Department of Education and Science and local education authorities supervise England\'s school system. England\'s educational system tries to give all children an education suited for all thier abilities. For m

    262 words (2 pages) in essay

  • Mystical Caves Used Throughout Mythology The use of caves in mythology to depict darkness and abandonment has branded it as a symbol of chaos. From this perception other associations are made which connect the cave to prejudices, malevolent spirits, burial sites, sadness, resurrection and intimacy. It is a world to which only few venture, and yet its mysticism has attracted the interest of philosophers, religious figures and thinkers throughout history. These myths are exemplified in Homer\'s "

    1689 words (6 pages) in essay

  • Science Alchemy Alchemy, ancient art practiced especially in the Middle Ages, devoted chiefly to discovering a substance that would transmute the more common metals into gold or silver and to finding a means of indefinitely prolonging human life. Although its purposes and techniques were dubious and often illusory, alchemy was in many ways the predecessor of modern science, especially the science of chemistry. The birthplace of alchemy was ancient Egypt, where, in Alexandria, it began to flouris

    865 words (3 pages) in essay

  • Triangle Shirtwaist Fire American History October 10, 1999 The Triangle Shirtwaist Fire (1911) What do we think of when we hear the word sweatshop? Many people associate that word with female immigrant workers, who receive very minimal pay. The work area is very dangerous to your health and is extremely unsanitary work place. The work area is usually overcrowded. That is the general stereotype, in my eyes of a sweatshop. All if not more of these conditions were present in the Triangle Shirtwaist

    900 words (4 pages) in essay

  • Hieroglyphic Writing Hieroglyphic Writing Right from the beginning the deciphering of the mysterious Egyptian writing fascinated everybody. In 1799 a certain Captain Bouchard of the French Army was supervising work on the fortifications of Fort St. Julian, situated a little more than four kilometers outside the town of Rosetta when hi workmen discovered a stone which was destined to achieve great fame in archaeological history. It was in fact the "Rosetta Stone" which led to the deciphering of t

    428 words (3 pages) in essay

  • The time of change in the region called the "borderlands" occurred during the period between 1880 and 1940. The region became urbanized and ended its years of isolation from the rest of the world. In the past the region\'s economy was based on ranching and farming. As the region became more urbanized the economy changed. The economy did not change equally between the United States and Mexico, the United States\' side of the border boomed while Mexico\'s side did not. The cities that did prosper

    1517 words (7 pages) in essay

  • Adolf Hitler\'s Affect On The World Joe Ciano Mrs. Colford Global History 9 January 1999 Adolf Hitler\'s Influence on the World Adolf Hitler was born in Braunau am Inn, Austria.(Dorpalen Microsoft Encarta 98) Eighteen ninety-nine was the year of his birth. He was a poor boy and a high school dropout. He was rejected twice from the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna for lack of talent.(The Volume Library 2 Pg. 1745) At age 25, Hitler eagerly volunteered to serve in W.W.I. His fellow soldiers were unl

    1630 words (7 pages) in essay

  • Rice “…Finally, because South Carolina, from her climate, situation, and peculiar institutions, is, and must ever continue to be, wholly dependent on agriculture and commerce, not only for prosperity , but for her existence as a state…” (Boller, pg.110) -John C Calhoun: South Carolina explosion and Protest (1828) While the north was undergoing an “industrial revolution,” the south remained agriculturally based. Rice, which was the first grown in South Carolina

    1283 words (5 pages) in essay

  • The French Revolution Introduction The French Revolution was a turning point in France\'s history. The Revolution began when King Louis XVI called the Estates General to provide money for his bankrupt government. Between 1789 and 1799 many kings, queens, nobles, and clergyman lost their power and status in France. France\'s government changes drastically over the ten years the war was fought and it will never be the same. Description By the end of 1788, France was on the verge of bankruptcy. Kin

    738 words (4 pages) in essay

  • Causes Of World War I On August 1, 1914 one of the world\'s greatest tragedies took place. In Harry F. Young\'s article entitled, the Misunderstanding of August 1, 1914, Young tries to make sense of the days that took place before the Great War began. In his twenty-one-page article, Young uses many sources to explain the story that had so many twists and turns. The following is an essay examining the work of Harry Young and what really went on August 1, 1914. The main question that the author as

    1131 words (5 pages) in essay

  • The Roman Forum The Roman Forum The Forum Romanum, the Roman name for what we usually call the Roman Forum, was the center of the Roman Empire\'s power. The Forum came into existence at a crossing of two important roads. One ran parallel to the Tiber River, the other perpendicular. From the beginning, the Forum was required to satisfy two fundamental needs: the need for people to meet, and the need of them to exchange goods. The many separate communities of the Italian peninsula where first unit

    595 words (3 pages) in essay

  • The Greater East Asia War And The A-Bomb 3. The Greater East Asia War and the A-Bomb 3.1 The Greater East Asia war Along with expansion of its role as a military city, Hiroshima became a modern city. After the Manchurian Incident, the Shanghai Incident, and the outbreak of the full-scale war between Japan and China, the Japanese army and navy launched an attack on the northen Malay Peninsula and attacked Pearl Harbor in Hawaii on December 8, 1941 (Japan time). Japan rushed into the Greater East

    1507 words (6 pages) in essay

  • Watergate WATERGATE Sex, drugs, money, power, you name it and there is a scandal for it, but look back and you will see that from all the scandals there have been, Watergate was among the worst. The Watergate scandal had everything. From Nixon disgracing the presidency by lying to the country and abusing his power, to his committees being involved in illegal acts and a big cover up. All leading to little side roads of corruption and lies. Watergate is by far one of the worst presidential scandal

    2387 words (11 pages) in essay

  • Operation Barbarossa in WWII "When Operation Barbarossa is launched, the world will hold its breath!" - Adolf Hitler On the night of June 22, 1941, more than 3 million German soldiers, 600 000 vehicles and 3350 tanks were amassed along a 2000km front stretching from the Baltic to the Black Sea. Their sites were all trained on Russia. This force was part of \'Operation Barbarossa\', the eastern front of the greatest military machine ever assembled. This machine was Adolf Hitler\'s German army. Fo

    2695 words (12 pages) in essay

  • Iban Battuta Ross Dunn/Travels of Ibn Battuta A 5 page analysis of The Adventures of Ibn Battuta, a Muslim Traveler of the Fourteenth Century by Ross Dunn. The writer relates how Dunn uses the accounts of Abu Abdallah Ibn Battuta to bring alive the Muslim world of the Middle Ages. No additional sources cited. Filename: 99ibn.wps Ibn Battuta: The Man and His Perceptions A 5 page discussion of Ibn Battuta, the great explorer of the 1300s. Concludes that although Battuta traveled over 75,000 miles

    339 words (2 pages) in essay

  • “The Godly Family Of Colonial Massachusetts” “The Godly Family of Colonial Massachusetts” Puritans didn’t really think of their family as a private household, but as an essential part of society. Many communities tied families to each other by birth or marriage. The communities of the seventeenth-century, being small, had many marriages and remarriages that created a kinship, which was a difficult to understand. In-laws and distant cousins were known as brothers, si

    311 words (2 pages) in essay

  • The First Reconstruction: A Revolution? Many people will argue that the social and political changes in the period between 1860 and 1877 culminated in a revolution. This time period, known as the First Reconstruction, made many advances in equality for Blacks in voting, politics, and the use of public facilities. The lawmakers of the time were however unable to make adequate progress in advancing economic equality; therefore Blacks didn\'t completely escape their original plight. This should not

    989 words (5 pages) in essay

  • The May Fourth Movement After World War I The Chinese felt betrayed. Anger and frustration erupted in demonstrations on May 4, 1919, in Beijing. Joined by workers and merchants, the movement spread to major cities. The Chinese representative at Versailles refused to endorse the peace treaty, but its provisions remained unchanged. Disillusioned with the West, many Chinese looked elsewhere for help. The May Fourth Movement, which grew out of the student uprising, attacked Confucianism, initiated a

    520 words (3 pages) in essay